- Blog By
Homeroom teacher – Erode KG Campus
The Indian Public School – Erode.
October, 12 2023 | In Blog
As a kindergarten parent or teacher, you might often find yourself wondering how best to support children in reaching their important developmental milestones. This blog aims to answer your frequently asked questions and provide valuable guidance.
THE IMPORTANCE OF AN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAMME
In an ever-evolving world, the foundation for learning is laid during childhood. The initial five years of life mark a period of rapid change for children, during which they begin to explore the world with the guidance of teachers and caregivers. These early years are pivotal in establishing the fundamental building blocks for a child’s holistic development.
OBJECTIVES OF DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES AT DIFFERENT STAGES
Children undergo remarkable growth during this time, encompassing physical, mental, intellectual, emotional, and social domains. The stages between the ages of 3 and the commencement of grade 1 are known as the “foundation stage of learning.” Providing children with the best possible start during this phase is every parent’s aspiration. Developing specific skills is a crucial responsibility for both parents and teachers, as these skills form the bedrock for a child’s progression through kindergarten. These skills include cognitive abilities, social and emotional understanding, physical prowess, and language proficiency. This wide spectrum of skills constitutes the normal range for children to attain their kindergarten milestones.
IDEAL MILESTONES FOR A CHILD IN THE FIRST 5 YEARS
Ideal milestones are cultivated through sensory learning. Here are the general developmental milestones for the first five years:
- Observing the environment
- Listening to different sounds
- Exploring through touch
- Developing taste preferences
- Engaging the sense of smell
- This highlights the significance of sensory exploration in children’s learning. By providing ample opportunities for exploration from birth to age 5, we empower children to learn effectively.
IDENTIFYING CHILDREN WHO NEED SPECIAL ATTENTION
Just as not all seeds from a plant sprout simultaneously, children too have varying learning paces. This diversity arises from their unique experiences and exposures during early stages. Some children easily socialize, while others may require more time. Delayed speech development is one such indicator. Identifying children in need of additional care involves recognizing certain behaviours, such as:
Limited social interaction
Unwillingness to participate in group activities
To assist these children, consider these strategies:
- Start with simple words
- Speak clearly and slowly
- Emphasize pronunciation
- Share engaging stories and rhymes
- Encourage socializing and teamwork
- Cultivate their environmental awareness
STEPS TO DEVELOP REQUIRED SKILLS/MILESTONES
Physical exercises provide a strong foundation for achieving milestones quickly.
Incorporate the following practices:
- Breathing exercises
- Activities involving crossing the mid-line
- Core-strengthening exercises
- Movements involving both sides of the body
- Body awareness activities
- Speech development exercises (e.g., blowing exercises, tongue exercises, facial expressions)
- Sensory awareness activities
Healthy eating habits significantly contribute to children’s development. Customizing learning strategies for each child ensures effective milestone attainment.
Collaborative efforts between parents and teachers play a pivotal role in facilitating children’s milestone achievements.