AT THE END OF AGE 5

GROSS MOTOR SKILLS
  • Walk on their tiptoes and heel-to-toe like on a balance beam.
  • Jump rope and pump their legs to swing alone.
  • Stand and hop on each foot.
  • Catch a ball the size of a softball.
  • Start to move in more coordinated ways, doing things like swimming, dribbling a basketball or dancing.
FINE MOTOR SKILLS
  • Use one hand more than the other (this is sometimes called “hand dominance”).
  • Hold a pencil using a tripod grip (two fingers and a thumb).
  • Cut out basic shapes with scissors.
  • Use a spoon easily.
COGNITIVE MILESTONES
  • Recognize and name different colours and basic shapes.
  • Know the letters of the alphabet and their sounds.
  • Recite their name, address and phone number.
  • Understand basic concepts about print (like knowing which way the pages go and that words are read left to right and top to bottom).
  • Know that stories have a beginning, middle and an end.
  • Count groups of objects up to 10 and recite numbers to 20.
  • Stick with an activity for 15 minutes and finish a short project.
  • Make plans about how to play, what to build or what to draw.
  • At-home connection: I’m Batman! Explore how making them believe can help your child learn to manage thoughts, actions, and emotions.
SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL MILESTONES
  • Enjoy expressing their talents; they’ll sing, dance, or be silly to get attention.
  • Want your approval and to be taken seriously for almost everything.
  • Start to understand why it’s helpful to share and get along with other kids.
  • Follow basic manners and rules. Also, help other kids follow the same.